👉 Osteoporosis is a disease where bones become thin, weak, brittle and prone to fracture especially the spine, wrists and hips.


👉 It is destructive and painless until the thinned and weakened bones break during a fall or knocking against a hard surface. 


👉 Osteoporosis causes more than 8.9 million fractures annually, resulting in an osteoporotic fracture every 3 seconds.


Risk factors for Osteoporosis include:


Bone mass starts to decline naturally with age after maximum bone density and strength is reached around age 30.


Women are four times more likely than men to develop osteoporosis due to hormonal changes that happen during menopause.

Bone structure & body weight

C Petite and thine women have a greater risk of developing this disease as they have less bone to lose than larger framed women.

A Strong family history of Osteoporosis

Low Vitamin D levels

Heavy drinking & smoking

Lack of exercise and a sedentary lifestyle

High intake of coffee & carbonated drinks

You have an increased risk for osteoporosis if your bones break down faster than it forms causing them to lose density. Calcium and other minerals contribute to bone mineral density that helps strengthen and protect bones.

..What is Calcium?

The most abundant mineral in the body and makes up 1.9% of the body by weight with 99% of this in the skeleton.
It is not produced in the body but depends on outside sources.
It is important to start calcium supplementation as early as possible as peak bone mass is reach between mid-20s and 30-s.
Calcium also plays an important role in regulating vital body processes such as blood coagulation, muscle contraction and nerve transmission.
However, the problem arises because calcium is often very difficult to be absorbed.

ABOUT Calcium Citrate

Calcium Citrate is a superior form of calcium supplementation - Calcium bonded with natural citric acid. 
The solubility of citric acid generally works well for all ages especially the elderly, those with gastrointestinal diseases and post-menopausal women. 
This is because the elderly & post-menopausal women normally have low stomach secretion, which needed for calcium absorption. 


The formula set at pH5.8 - the optimum pH for calcium absorption. 
The citrate form also protect against calcium stones forming.


Factors that can help Calcium Absorption

Vitamin D: Calcium cannot be absorbed without sufficient Vitamin D as it helps absorption from the intestines. Absorption is dependent on getting adequate levels of active Vitamin D.


Magnesium: Magnesium keeps calcium dissolved in the blood. With the proper balance / ratio of Calcium to Magnesium - 2:1, it helps the body absorb and metabolise calcium.


Other Minerals: Zinc, Manganese, Copper, Boron, Vitamin B6, Vitamin C and Folic Acid are also needed to strengthen bones and prevent osteoporosis.


Silica: Silica that can be found in the horsetail herb "locks" the calcium in the bones.


  1. Johnell O and Kanis JA 2006, "An estimate of the worldwide prevalence and disability associated with osteoporotic fractures", Osteoporosis International, vol. 17:1726.
  2. Queseda Gomez, JM et al. 2011, "Calcium citrate and Vitamin D in the treatment of osteoporosis", Clinical Drug Investigations, vol 31(5), pp. 285 - 298
  3. National Osteoporosis Foundation. Bone Basics. Available at http://www.nof.org/learn/bonebasics.[Accessed July 2013]. National institute of health. Dietary Supplement Fact Sheet: Calcium. Available at http://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Calcium-HealthProfessional/#disc. [Accessed July 2013]
  4. Malaysian Osteoporosis Society. Clinical Guidance on Management of Osteoporosis 2012. Available at www.osteoporosis.my/GUI/pdf/clinical_practice.pdf. [Accessed July 2013]
  5. Carolyn. D. Understanding Calcium Magnesium Ratio. Available at http://www.wellnesstimes.com/articles/understanding-calcium-magnesium-ratio. [Accessed July 2013] Linda H., Vanessa A.F. (2011) Calcium Supplement Guidelines. The University of Arizona.

This information is provided by Groway for education purposes only. It should not be used to substitute medical diagnosis.

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